The numbers do not lie – women, as a rule, females do live logner than males, and this difference is just over 3 years around the world. What is the reason for this phenomenon?
What shortens the lives of men?
The difference in life expectancy between men and women is an old phenomenon. Experts have been trying to get to the truth for decades. It is noteworthy that this gap between the gender is characteristic of all peoples, as well as anthropoid apes and many female animals.
So why do women usually outlive men? A neuropsychologist at Sachdev University in Australia also mentions some theories which are related to biology and others related to the actions.
Males mostly have these habits smoke, drink excessively and are overweight. They need health care at an early stage, and if they are given a specific diagnosis, they usually do not follow medical advice. In addition to all this, they risk their lives, have dangerous professions, commit suicide and have major ratio for car accidents and fights.
Other causes of short male life include the following factors.
There is evidence that human biology, namely an increased level of men’s sex hormone called as testosterone, which makes you large, muscular and dense, and shortens your life.
Experts say testosterone shortens life expectancy in other ways. According to Professor Ken-Jin Ming, a professor from South Korea, male sex hormones lower immune function and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
In a 2012 study, Ming and his colleagues studied 81 Korean eunuchs. Experts found that men who were neutered in childhood lived 14-19 years longer than uncastrated. This is because eunuchs did not produce much testosterone.
When comparing the brain of men and women in the same age range, it was found that the brain of women was several years younger than the brain of men. This is due to the oxidation of glucose, blood circulation and oxygen uptake. Therefore, with age, the female head organ does not change much.
Despite the fact that women are more often sick, they live longer. They carry diseases that usually do not lead to death: migraines, asthma, arthritis, colds. But men are more susceptible to dysfunctions that can kill them.
A strong half of humanity, as a rule, has more visceral fat – deposits around its organs. Visceral fat is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease. This disease is the result of a combination of biological factors and lifestyle, and it is a common cause of the difference in mortality between women and men.
Boys are more vulnerable already with gender identity. Male embryos even die more often than female ones. It all depends on the sex-determining chromosomes that contain genes. Male Y chromosomes are small, and fewer genes are concentrated in them than in female ones.
List of other life-reducing factors
The following points cause cancer and therefore decrease your life expectancy:
- Increased basal metabolic rate
- Increased bone density
- infections, bacteria, viruses
- Carcinogenic effects
- Overheating of the body
- Lack of sleep
- Negative thoughts and emotions – anger, hatred, rage
- Excessive sun exposur
The list also includes narcotic substances and anabolic steroids.
If you are a bachelor, you are more likely to die young. This was established by American experts. They found that free men have elevated levels of stress hormones, which provokes a number of pathologies. Interestingly, unmarried women, on the contrary, live longer than their married friends.
Become more responsible!
If you want to live longer, do everything that depends on you. Improve your lifestyle and start paying attention to the signals that your body sends you: watch your breathing , heartbeat, pressure. Visit your doctor regularly and take tests, because the detected disease in time is much easier to cure, and it certainly can not lead to death.